After Man: A Prehistoric Life of the Future is a 2011 "documentary", which used computer-generated imagery to show what life might look like in the future after millions of years of evolution. This series was accompanied by a book written by geologist and author Dougal Dixon and television producer John Adams.
The basic concept of this show is similar to the concept of After Man; the human species has become extinct and animals reconquer the world. The Discovery Channel made the scenario less harsh by stating that the human race had left the planet instead of disappearing completely. Our descendants would then send probes back to Earth to observe how life has changed. This documentary was based on research and interviews with dozens of scientists though some conclusions these scientists made are controversial and other scientists have critcized many ofthe conclusions in the series. The program reconstructs futurized prehistoric animals.
An unregistered contributor has suggested some of all of this may be inaccurate.
Animals of After Man: A Prehistoric Life of the Future
Due to severe drought and the heat of the tropics, the Mexican desert has become a tropical lowland grasslands and dry tropical highland shrublands. Riverbanks and lakes dominate the landscaHhshhsgdgdvhhdushuhwushugduhupe. Mud-covered tar pits are common through out the year. Rainstorms and winds occur frequently. The cactus species have become extinct and shrubs, palm trees, and acacia trees dominate the landscape.
- Australosuchus, Varanus columbi, a large, venomous komodo dragon-like descendent of Gila monster. It evolved a bite like those of predatory dinosaurs. It was the largest lizard ever to evolve. Used its senses and strategies to hunt. Although it was primarily a quadruped, its footprints show that it was capable of assuming a bipedal stance. It resembles a Megalania of Pleistocene Australia. Despite it's top predator status, it is quite limited in terms of speed, and is likely a scavenger.
- Puma Lion, Puma leo, a saber-toothed lion-like descendent of pumas. It is shown as a rival from the Australosuchus. In the show it appears on top of dead promastodon and fighting a wolf-like monkey (Canidon) in the mud-covered tar pit, but then is being killed by Australosuchus defends itself with its claws when it stands upright, like a brown bear.
- Canidon, Papio canis, a wolf-like primate that hunts bison-like pigs and promastodon calves. It is portrayed as rival of the Australosuchus, and Puma Lion. In the show, a pack of these predatory primates attempts to drive off a Australosuchus from its kill, but the monitor lizard won't scared, and it defends itself and kills at least 3 members of the pack. However, the primates are too numerous, but they are being killed and scared by Australosuchus defends itself with its claws and hissing roar.
- Promastodon, Elephas tapirus, a large hairless mastodon-like tapirs that is the ancestor of elephants and mammoths. It has the long trunk and straight tusks, just like other elephants. It is depicted as a main prey for Australosuchus, puma lions, and canidons. The mother promastodon protects her calf from the predators. In the mating season, a male promastodon is falling love with the female, and fighting an alpha male promastodon with right broken tusk. When a male is mating with female, an alpha male promastodon is stucked, and then is dead in the muddy tar pits during the heat of the day. It resembles a cross between a African elephant and Columbian mammoth.
- Daeotherium, Phacochoerus Bison, a large bison-like wild pigs that is depicted as a prey for Australosuchus, puma lions, and canidons. In the cloudy day, the daeotherium is stucked in the muddy tar pit and is hardly killed by canidon.
- Marchelon, Dermochelys columbi, a large softshell turtle that resembles a leatherback sea turtle. It is depicted as a prey for Australosuchus. Australosuchus eats at least six Marchelon eggs in the nest. It stays on the water's edge and goes into the riverbank to swim away from the Australosuchus.
- Unidentified Vultures, which eat the animal carcasses.
In midsouthern Argentina the rich fertile fields have become poor soiled hot coastal woodlands and has closed off the southern sea near the Antarctica. Here it rains only for two brief months and scattered trees dot the landscape. As a result large reefs bigger than the great barrier reef have formed. But there are many differences then from the reefs of today. The area is also dominated by tropical storms.
- Emboloceras, Rhinoceros zitteli, a blunt-horned rhinoceros that inhabits Argentine woodlands. It is the largest woodland mammal on Earth. The emboloceras herd struggle to survive: one of their calves losts and the marsupial predators attack it, but the mother Emboloceras drives them away because she has a strong bond with her offspring, and she nurses her poor calf.
- Marsupial Wolf, Thylacanis americana, a largest wolf-like marsupial that inhabits Argentine woodlands. The marsupial wolf pack hunts a Emboloceras calf, but the mother Emboloceras drives them away.
- Diprotocamelus, a large hoofed camel-like marsupial that inhabits Argentine woodlands. It is depicted as a prey for marsupial predators, like marsupial wolves and is easily killed by two marsupial wolf packs.
- Vorth, Teleochampsus vivipera, a largest whale-like descendant of caimans. Its massive snout is laced with slits for sifting ocean water for plankton. At 40 feet long, it is the biggest animal on Earth.
- Corca, Alligator Orca, a large killer whale-like descendent of alligators. Its diet is fish.
Southern Australian Ice
What was once the southern Australia has become a bleak and bitter cold tundra. Icesheets cover most of the coast and inland is flat and windy. Only a few mosses and grass can survive this weather, in which the tempurature can plummet to -60 and blizzards can appear out of nowhere. The spring is warm and brief.
- Woolly Wombat, Vombatus primigenius, a largest marsupial that inhabits Australian tundra. The woolly wombat is descended from wombat, which today inhabit harsh regions of grassland. The largest specimens were hippopotamus-sized: about three meters (10 feet long) from nose to tail, standing two meters (6 ft 7) tall at the shoulder and weighing up to 2,786 kg (6,142 pounds) and and is built similarly to mammoths and woolly rhinos. It has short legs, short tail, and other small extremities. Its body is covered with two types of hair: woolly underfur and hollow air-filled guard hairs. Those and a layer of fat beneath the skin protect it from the cold. Woolly Wombats wander in herds, feeding on shrubs and grass. Its only defense is staying with its herd. The mother woolly wombats protect their babies from the mammalian predators.
- Flightless Gannet, Aptenodytes sula, blue penguin-like descendants of gannets from the Antarctic Ocean. It forms a chain of different subspecies that are able to breed with one another (known as a cline). However, the subspecies of gannets at the ends of the chain are so different that they cannot interbreed.
- Pristicerops, Scinderetops solungunus, an aquatic, walrus-like marsupial from the Antarctic Ocean with tusks and a claw on one of its front limbs. Males have a tusk design in which the right is straight forward and the females have their tusks look like a regular walrus style.
- Marsupial Leopard, Thylauncia Felis, an lion-sized saber-toothed marsupial that inhabits Australian tundra. It resembles a saber-toothed snow leopard. It hunts baby woolly wombats and baby pristicerops. Its roars are a mixture of sounds of several felines, including leopards, lions and tigers, but especially cougars.
- Gaimarx, Pristisaurus Gavial, an enormous, blue, aquatic, humpback whale-like descendant of monitor lizard from Antarctic Ocean. Its massive nostrill is laced with slits for sifting ocean water for plankton. At 40 feet (12 m) long, it is the biggest animal on Earth.
- Desmastoterops, Thylaursus Ursus, an polar bear-like marsupial within the Australian Circle encompassing the Antarctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses. It has evolved to occupy a narrow ecological niche, with many body characteristics adapted for cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice, and open water, and for hunting the baby pristicerops which make up most of its diet. The desmastoterops is often regarded as a marine mammal because it spends many months of the year at sea. Desmastoterops is superbly insulated by up to 10 cm (3.9 in) of blubber, their hide and their fur; they overheat at temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F), and are nearly invisible under infrared photography. Desmastoterops fur consists of a layer of dense underfur and an outer layer of guard hairs, which appear white to tan but are actually transparent. The guard hair is 5–15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) over most of the body. The white coat usually blues with age. When kept in captivity in warm, humid conditions, the fur may turn a pale shade of blue-green growing inside the guard hairs. Males have significantly longer hairs on their forelegs, that increase in length until the bear reaches 14 years of age. The male's ornamental foreleg hair is thought to attract females, serving a similar function to the lion's mane. The polar bear has an extremely well-developed sense of smell, being able to detect seals nearly 1 mi (1.6 km) away and buried under 3 ft (0.91 m) of snow. It is an excellent swimmer and individuals have been seen in open Arctic waters as far as 200 mi (320 km) from land. With its body fat providing buoyancy, it swims in a dog-paddle fashion using its large forepaws for propulsion.
- Unidentified Antarctic Bivalves, seen as food for the pristicerops.
The island of Madagascar has collided with the western part of Africa and the landscape is now turned into the large misty tropical rainforest twice the size of the Amazon. Rain falls frequently and sunny days are occasional. In the humid climate and with cold, healthy, and, clean rivers, filled with drinkable water. Poison ivy species have become extinct and a healthy osage-oranges, blueberries, bananas, and bamboo dominate the landscape. Most mosquitoes have become extinct.
- Coelosaurus, Telusaurus beringei, a rainforest-dwelling aboreal social lizard that inhabits Madagascan rainforests. Its diet is osage-oranges, bluebeeries, insects, and spiders. This lizard is one of the ancestors from the past, the dinosaurs, because of convergent evolution. It resembles a long-tailed Gray's monitor.
- Megapithecus, Gorilla giganteus, a rainforest-dwelling, large, social ape that inhabits Madagascan rainforests. It resembles a Mountain Gorilla. They have to build nests, because of convergent evolution. They are the ancestors of the apes, including gorillas, and orangutans. Its diet is osage-oranges, bluebeeries, bananas, bamboo, termites, and insects.
- Procoptotherium, Aurochs maddocki, a primitive-looking buffalo that inhabits Madagascan rainforests. It has one ridge on its back, leaving a furrow along its spine. It is covered with warts that attract fleas - and a species of Tick Bird. This Tick Bird feasts on these fleas and it makes its nest in the furrow of the procoptotherium's back.
- Prototherium, Rhinoceros maddocki, a primitive-looking rhinoceros that inhabits Madagascan rainforests. It has two ridges on its back, leaving a furrow along its spine. It is covered with warts that attract fleas - and a species of Tick Bird. This Tick Bird feasts on these fleas and it makes its nest in the furrow of the Prototherium's back.
- Gigantofelis, Panthera leo tigris, a tiger-like lion that inhabits Madagascan rainforests. It hunts a calves of Procoptotherium. Male is bigger, and a female is smaller than a male.
In mideastern Europe, the forests have become dry soiled hot desert twice the size of Chihuahuan Desert and Saharan Desert. Most tree species have become extinct and shrubs and cactus species dominate the landscape. Tornadoes and sandstorms occur frequently. In such a dry climate and with no prime water source the lake has dried out only leaving a many freshy, clean, cold, coastal riverbanks, filled with drinkable water.
- Rock Lizard, Relusaurus Agam, a agamid lizard that inhabits European deserts. It can travel at speeds of up to 50 kilometres per hour. It looks alot like Collared Lizard, except it lives in Europe. This lizard is closely related to its ancestors from hundred million years, the dinosaurs.
- Honey Anteater, Myrmevenarius capensis, a striped anteater that inhabits European deserts. Its diet is honey ants.
- Crayfisher, Phoenicopterus aquatica, a swimming species of flamingo evolved from the Greater Flamingo.
- Sand-Gulper, Natopotamus amphibius, a largest, semi-aquatic, herbivorous rodent that inhabits the riverbanks in the middle of European deserts and resembles a hippopotamus, because of convergent evolution.
- Gigantoceros, Alces roeselmivi, a Paraceratherium-like species of moose evolved from the European Moose. It inhabits the European deserts.
- Hyeanus, Martes crocuta, a hyena-like species of martens evolved from the European Marten. It hunts honey anteaters, crayfishers, and gigantoceros calves.
- Taxidenus, Meles septemcinctus, a insectivorous armadillo-like species of badger with a hinged shell that can form an impenetrable ball. It is descended from European Badger.
- Unidentified spiders, seen as food for the rock lizards and taxidenus.
- Unidentified honey ants, seen as food for the honey anteaters.
- Unidentified crayfish, seen as food for the crayfishers.
- Unidentified grasshoppers, seen as food for the taxidenus.
South American Wetlands
Rise in sea levels has triggered massive floodings of land to occur. The state of South America has transformed into a large coastal wetland seven times the size of the everglades. The swamp consists of estuaries and tree groves. Most reptiles had evolved into a futurized dinosaurs.
- Deinosaurus, Deinosaurus loricatus, a long-tailed Saltasaurus-like species of tortoise evolved from Brazilian Giant Tortoise. It is 23 feet (7 m) tall and weighs 120 tons. It is the largest creature to walk the earth, if measured in terms of bulk and weight (growing even larger than the dinosaurs), though the sauropod Argentinosaurus is the only creature that rivals the giant tortoise in size. It inhabits a South American wetlands.
- Dynamosuchus, Dynamosuchus imperiosus, a Tyrannosaurus-like species of tegu lizard evolved from blue tegu lizard. It was the largest known tyrannosaur-like species of tegu lizard and one of the largest known land predators, measuring up to 12.8 m (42 ft) in length, up to 4 metres (13 ft) tall at the hips, and up to 6.8 metric tons (7.5 short tons) in weight.
- Trioceratops, Chameleon horridus, a plant-eating Triceratops-like species of chameleon that inhabits South American wetlands. Bearing a large bony frill and three horns on its large four-legged body, and conjuring similarities with the modern rhinoceros, Trioceratops is one of the most recognizable of all dinosaurs. Although it shared the landscape with and was preyed upon by the fearsome Dynamosuchus.
- Megaloraptor, Megaloraptor antirrhopus, a meat-eating Deinonychus-like species of anole lizard from Bronze Anole that inhabits in South American wetlands.
- Sloth Ape, Pilopithecus variegatus, a aboreal sloth-like ape that inhabits in South American wetlands. Its diet is nuts, and also grubs, fruits, termites, spiders, nectar, seeds, and fungi, classifying it as an omnivore. It resembles a cross between a gorilla and a sloth.
- Marsupial Lemur, Thyladapis edwardsi, a lemur-like species of marsupial that inhabits in South American wetlands. Its diet is fruits, seeds, nuts, and leaves, classifying it as an herbivore.
- Unidentified grubs, seen as food for the sloth apes.
Due to severe drought and the heat of the tropics, the Malaysian rainforests has dried up and has been replaced by open, dry, tropical woodlands. Here it rains only for two brief months and scattered trees dot the landscape. Wildfires are common through out the year. Rainstorms and hurricanes occur frequently.
- Deinocerops, Rhinoceros indicus, a large two-horned species of rhinoceros that evolved from Javan Rhinoceros. It closely resembles a Black rhinoceros with stubby legs, and armoured skin. It was a prototype of Black Rhinoceros. The mother deinocerops have to protect their calves from the predators.
- Javandi, Phacochoerus pinchaque, a cow-sized tapir-like pig that inhabits in Malaysian woodlands. It was a medium sized herbivore on the woodlands of Malaysia.
- Bear Cat, Arctofelis nebulosa, a large terrestrial cat that inhabits in Malaysian woodlands. This animal looked more like a bear than a cat. It had a long, heavy tail, thick neck, robust limbs, tiger-like paws, and teeth like a lion. This big cat closely resembles a large leopard. It is descended from the Clouded Leopard. It hunts a javandis, and deinocerops calves. It was the size of the modern lion and has the combination agility of the leopard, and the bear. It is then shown killing a javandi but the kill is stolen by a 5 members of gorgosuchus group.
- Giganis, Buteo walleri, a large flightless species of hawk that evolved from Crested Goshawk. It closely resembles a Phorusrhacos, a Terror Bird from Prehistoric South America. It hunts a javandis and deinocerops calves. It is then shown killing a javandi but the kill is stolen by a 5 members of gorgosuchus group.
- Gorgosuchus, Crocodylus precedens, a Malaysian reptile very close to the ancestor of today's crocodiles and alligators. It resembles a notosuchian crocodylomorph with dagger-like canine teeth. It hunts a javandis and deinocerops calves. It probably grew to about 10 feet long in length, depending what type of environment it lived in.
In midsouthern Thailand, the jungles have become open, tropical lowland grasslands twice seven times the size of the Serengeti. In the humid climate and with cold, healthy, and, clean rivers, filled with drinkable water. The geological hazards are powerful earthquakes, hurricanes, and megatsunamis, because of the eruption of Lake Toba.
- Elasmorhinus, Rhinoceros caucasicum, a Elasmotherium-species of rhinoceros that evolved from Indian Rhinoceros. They evolved a quadruped gait of those of the modern tapirs. The mother elasmorhinus have to protect their calves from the predators.
- Giantotherium, Melursus giganteus, a omnivorous ground sloth-like sloth bear descendent from Asia.
- Swimming Shrew, Sorex amphibius, a aquatic species of shrew with a long tail and otter-like hind legs from Asia that hunts fish and crayfish and swims like a otter. It is a descendant of the Southeast Asian Shrew.
- Sivafelis, Neofelis onca, a jaguar-like species of leopard from Asia that hunts elasmorhinus calves, and baby giantotheriums.
- Purussuchus, Crocodylus brasiliensis, a Rutiodon-like species of crocodile that evolved from Mugger crocodile. It hunts elasmorhinus calves, baby giantotheriums, and especially sivafelis.
Northern Australian Rainforest
In midnorthern Australia, warm and cold currents bring large moisture levels and result in endless amounts of rain. Because of the plentiful supply of water a large temperate rainforest has formed. All of the plants and animals of the Australian rainforest are used to the constant moisture of rain. Because of this animals can evolve into new species. In such a humid climate, palm trees are now able to grow in the temperate forest, and the once dwindling eucalyptus plant is now a common fruit-bearing tree making up most of the forest. This temperate rainforest is twice the size of the Amazon.
- Treeclimber, Thylapus variegatus, a aboreal sloth-like species of marsupial from Australia. It uses its long arm for reaching the fruits from the oak tree.
- Gorangutan, Pongo beringei, a gorilla-like species of orangutan living in Australia. This large, social ape is very similiar to today's gorillas, because of convergent evolution. They build nests in trees, just like gorillas. Its diet is fruits, bamboo, termites, and insects. Both males and females are known to be territorial and often hostile towards members other members of their family groups.
- Tree Skink, Corucia beringei, an arboreal species of skink endemic to the Australian rainforests. This skink is completely omnivorous, eating many different fruits, termites, and insects. It is one of the few species of reptile known to function within a social group or circulus. Unlike most modern types of skink, this species is very social. The closest we have to a modern-day specimen of these skinks is the monkey-tailed skink, native to the Solomon Islands.
- Toothed Parrot, Strigops chloropterus, an colorful species of macaw living in Australia. Its diet is fruits, nuts, vegetables, and leaves.
- Macrodon, Dendrolagus beringei, an arboreal, medium-sized species of tree kangaroo native to the Australian rainforests. It has short fur, usually chestnut to red-orange in color, a orange-brown face, yellow-colored cheeks and feet; a pale belly, a long, golden brown tail, and two golden grey stripes on its backside. It weighs approximately 7 kg (about 15 lb).
- Tree Leopard, Panthera nebulosa, an medium-sized species of leopard living in Australia. It has a lavender purplish coat, and is distinctively marked with large, irregularly-shaped, dark-edged ellipses which are said to be shaped like clouds. It resembles a cross between a jaguar, and a clouded leopard. It hunts macrodons and gorangutans.
The tip of the Middle East has collided with the northern part of Asia and has closed off the Caspian sea from the Iranian Plateau. In such a dry climate and with no prime water source the Caspian sea has dried out only leaving a few fresh, coastal lakes, filled with drinkable water. The islands have become dry-soiled, hardened karst lands with only a few shrubs, flowers and trees growing in the cracks, crevices, and grassy floor. Sandstorms are common as well as tornadoes. The area also has a large amount of ultraviolet light. Due to volcanic activity, sudden bulk escapes of molten lava turns the salt flats into a volcanic nightmare. Termites, ants, and fish have been able to flourish here as well. Bushfires are common, ignited by sunlight.
- Road Lizard, Belusaurus californianus, a long-legged agamid lizard with front limbs that lives in the salt flats and karst lands. It is a small lizard, about 18 inches long that evolved from the sand lizard. It runs on two legs, minimizing its contact with the hot salt, sand, and rocky floor. Its tail is elongated to balance such an agile gait. Its diet is termites and ants.
- Caboon, Theropithecus adepsicautus, a descendent of the gelada monkey that lives on the grassy karst. The caboons eat fish, termites, ants, and flowers, classifying them as omnivores.
- Javali, Pecari meinertzhageni, a species of peccary that lives on the karst. They evolved the gait of the pronghorn. They only possess three natural predators: the rock leopard, the dimetrosuchus, and a large hawk. Mother javalis have to protect their calves from these predators at all costs.
- Rock Leopard, Neofelis trumani, a species of leopard with the speed and agility of the cheetah, that lives on the karst. It has a a tan or tawny coat, and is distinctively marked with large, irregularly-shaped, dark-edged ellipses which are said to be shaped like rocks. It hunts caboons and javali calves.
- Dimetrosuchus, Crocodylus merriami, a crocodilian that lives on the karsts and salt flats. It resembles a massive, land-based alligator, such as the giant Postosuchus of the triassic period, with deadly saber teeth. It hunts javali calves, road lizards, and carrion. It grows to about 10 feet long and can reach a weight of 3 tons! Its main enemy is the rock leopard.
- Unidentified hawk, seen hunting the caboons and javali calves.
Southern Californian Desert
In southern California, the rich fields have become poor soiled hot, flat desert. Most cactus species have become extinct and shrubs dominate the landscape. Tubers grow in the stiff soil. California Fan Palms dominate the landscape, bearing edible fruits. Sandstorms are common as well as tornadoes.
- Spitfire Lizard, Crotaphytus kingii, an frill-necked species of lizard evolved from the Common Collared Lizard. This lizard has developed the ability to spray corrosive chemicals to fend off predators. It looks a lot like Australia's Frilled Lizard.
- Scarlet Lizard, Agama macao, an colorful, agamid lizard evolved from the fringe-toed lizard. This lizard has evolved the ability to change colors, like chameleons. It looks and behaves a lot like the chameleon due to convergent evolution.
- Booster, Gallus californianus, an roadrunner-like species of chicken evolved from escaped Buckeye Chickens. It is about 56 centimetres (22 in) long and weighs about 300 grams (10.5 oz). Males are bigger, and females are smaller.
- Desert Jumper, Fepus adepsicautus, a hopping, kangaroo-like species of hare evolved from the Antelope Jackrabbit. It can store so much fat in its body that it can lose half its body weight without any problems. They only possess two natural predators: the sand jaguar, and the gila crocodiles.
- Wart Peccary, Pecari massaicus, a warthog-like species of peccary. Wart peccaries are omnivore, and will eat booster eggs, cacti, carrion and small desert plants. They are very lightweight and fragile animals, and possess unuassually short legs. Wart peccaries use an enlongated snout to graze on shrubs and reach deep down into burrows where the booster nests are. They only possess two natural predators: the sand jaguar, and the gila crocodiles.
- Gila Crocodile, Crocodylus columbi, an gila monster descendant very similiar to today's crocodiles and alligators. It hunts wart peccaries, desert jumpers and boosters. Growing up to 1 and a half meters long, this is the largest animal in the region.
- Sand Jaguar, Panthera onca columbi, an Californian species of jaguar living in southern Californian desert. It uses its spots as camouflage, helping them conceal themselves amongst the dappled shadows and long shrubs of their environment as they stalk their prey. The spot pattern is found on a sand jaguar's skin too. Therefore, if you shaved every single hair from it's body, its distinctive camouflage pattern would be preserved.
Rises in sea levels have triggered massive flooding of the continents. Africa has been transformed into a massive island chain seven times the size and length of the Hawaiian archipelago. The islands are made up of numerous ecosystems, from jungles to deserts to savvanah. In the water, coral reefs have formed that are hundreds of times the size of the Great Barrier today.
- Swimming Elephant, Loxodonta amphibius, an aquatic species of elephant. They feed on sea grass and fill the niche of the extinct manatees and dugongs ( Sirenians). It is a descendant of the African elephant. They have to go on land to have babies, unlike the sirenian group they replaced. Their two main predators are metriosaurus and liopleurosuchus.
- Seaswimmer, Osteolaemus superciliosus, an aquatic species of crocodile that feeds on fish and squid. They live along the coast of the African Islands. The seaswimmers evolved from Dwarf crocodiles. However, it has a streamlined body and a salamander-like tail, making it a more efficient swimmer than modern crocodilian species. It looks and behaves similiarly to the marine crocodiles of the Jurassic period. Unfortunately, it still needs to return to land to lay eggs, leaving it vulnerable to predators. Females lay 55 eggs during the summer. The mature nesting female hauls herself onto the beach and finds suitable sand on which to create a nest. Using her hind webbed feet, she digs a circular hole 40 to 50 centimetres (16 to 20 in) deep. After the hole is dug, the female then starts filling the nest with a clutch of hard-shelled eggs one by one until she has deposited all of them. The seaswimmer has powerful jaws and the ability to vomit up half-digested fish and squid from its gut, repelling predators which have sensitive noses. The seaswimmer is like across between a Metriorhynchus ( a primitive flightless bird) and the aforementioned marine crocodiles from the Jurassic period.
- Mesosarchus, Crocuta obtusidens, an wolf-like species of hyena from that feeds on lobsters, lungfish, brontorhinus calves, and seaswimmer eggs. During the mating season males look for females. The male will impress a female by making a kill and giving it to her as a gift. If the female accepts then she will let him mate. After mating the male leaves. When the cubs are born, the female will give them food. Later she will teach them to hunt and kill for themselves.
- Brontorhinus, Ceratotherium incertae, a species of rhinoceros from the African Islands with a Y-shaped horn. It feeds on tall grasses and fruits. It evolved from the modern-day White Rhinoceros. It closely resembles a Embolotherium from the Eocene. The mother brontorhinus protect their calves from predators, like mesosarchus.
- Metriosaurus, Crocodylus cetoides, an blue whale size species of crocodile from that lives along the coast of the African Islands. It is descended from the Nile Crocodile. They evolved a whale-like design, with a flat tail and a bobbing of the head allowing them to move forward. It closely resembles the extinct Basilosaurus from the Eocene period. It has a small dorsal fin similar to a rorqual whale's. It also possesses small, 0.6 meter (2 ft) hind limbs, which clearly cannot aid locomotion on a 15-25 meter (50-85 foot) animal. They are used primarily for mating, as a male will use them to hold onto a females back while exchanging sperm. They are omnivores, filtering plankton like modern whales, but sucking fish, squid and baby Dorosaurus into their cavernous mouths as well.
- Dorusaurus, Osteosaurus icenicus, an dolphin-like species of reptile that resembles the extinct icthyosaur family and Dorudon, the ancestor of all dolphins. They are about five meters (16 ft) long and are carnivorous, feeding on small fish and squids. Just like modern-day whales and dolphins, they have the 'melon organ' that allows them to use echolocation. Like whales and dolphins, their nostrils were midway from the snout to the top of the head. The dorusaurus babies are prey to the huge Metriosaurus.
- Liopleurosuchus, Crocodylus ferox, an pliosaur-like species of crocodile that feeds on fish, squid, dorusaurus babies, and especially swimming elephants. It is the apex predator of the coastline of the African Islands. It also resembles a Liopleurodon of Jurassic seas.
- Unidentified sea gulls, which eat the pile of half-digested fish and squid.
- Unidentified sharks, which hunt the dorusaurus calves.
- Unidentified fish, seen being predated on by the seaswimmers, and dorusaurus.
- Unidentified squid, seen being predated on by the seaswimmers, and dorusaurus.
In the center of Mongolia, the desert has been replaced by poor-soiled hot scrublands. This region is baked by high amounts of ultraviolet light. Palm trees and shrubs grow in the poor soil. In such a dry climate and with no prime water source all the rivers and lakes have dried out, leaving only a handful of oases and watering holes. When it does rain here the there are dramatic floods.
- Hyracorhinus, Rhinoceros mongoliensis, an hornless species of rhinoceros living in Mongolia. It is descended from the Javan Rhinoceros.
- Subcamelops, Camelops occidentalis, an primitive-looking species of camelid living in Mongolia. It has one hump on its back. It is covered with warts covered in fleas. They can go a year without water.
- Long-tongued Possum, Didelphis sobrinus, an long-tongued species of ground opossum. It is a small nocturnal marsupial that eats insects and fruits. They live in large colonies in hollow trees and use the common colony theme of a queen and numerous worker casts.
- Bear Dog, Amphicyon mongoliensis, a species of carnivorous mammal living in Mongolia. Don't confuse it with the like-named Bear Dog family from the Oligocene period. The Bear Dog is a lion-sized carnivore and has a speed and agility of the cheetah. It hunts the subcamelops and hyracorhinus calves. In one scene, it kills a subcamelops but the carcass is stolen by a pack of 5 notosuchus.
- Notosuchus, Notosuchus mongoliensis, an crocodile descendant living in Mongolia. Not to be confused with the dinosaur Notosuchus. In one scene, it steals a subcamelops kill from a bear dog, and hunts hyracorhinus calves in another.
- Pack Lizard, Oplurus mongoliensis, an colorful species of agamid lizard. It stands on its hind legs and can travel at up to 50 kilometres per hour. It looks a lot like a modern-day Collared Lizard.
Arctic has drifted south to the equator and is now covered in rich forest twice the size of the Amazon. Rain falls frequently and sunny days are occasional. Most of the species of plant have evolved from the mosses, lichens and algae that inhabited Arctic in the human era but some seeds and spores have drifted from South America. Mammals and birds living in the tropical rainforests. A few reptiles and amphibians have drifted over from other continents. A many dinosaurs have drifted over from Mesozoic Era.
- Coelurosaurus, Coelurosaurus hermanni, a surviving theropod dinosaur species native to tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. Unlike Coelurosaur from Mesozoic Era, this new Coelurosaurus very close to the ancestors of theropod dinosaurs called tyrannosaurs, because of convergent evolution. It resembles an Coelophysis from Triassic Period. It has the same coloration as the Jackson's Chameleon.
- Archaeoptornis, Archaeoptornis lithographica, an Archaeopteryx-like species of bird living in tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. It has the same coloration as the Indian Peafowl.
- Spidereater, Facedo macao, an colorful species of macaw living in tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. It feeds on spiders, fruits, seeds, nuts, and berries.
- Astrodontosaurus, Astrodontosaurus kangxii, an brachiosaur-like species of sauropod dinosaur native to tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. Like other sauropod dinosaurs from Mesozoic Era, this sauropod dinosaurs are also migrating in herds, much like the Forest Elephants from Africa. It feeds on palm tree leaves, fruits, and other vegetations.
- Sauroceratops, Sauroceratops latus, an Torosaurus-like species of ceratopsian dinosaur native to tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. It may not represent a distinct genus at all, but a mature form of Triceratops, because of the convergent evolution.
- Dynamosaurus, Dynamosaurus bataar, an surviving tyrannosaur species native to tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. Unlike Dynamosaurus from Mesozoic Era, this new Dynamosaurus resembles an Tyrannosaurus from the Late Cretaceous period, because of the convergent evolution. It has the same coloration as the Bengal Tiger.
- Prosaurolophus, Prosaurolophus beringei, an surviving hardrosaur species native to tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. Unlike Prosaurolophus from Mesozoic Era, this new Prosaurolophus resembles an Anatotitan from Late Cretaceous period, because of the convergent evolution. It has the same coloration as the Okapi from Africa.
- Forest Anteater, Myrmecophaga cyclotis, an arboreal species of anteater living in the Arctic rainforests. It feeds on ants, and termites from the mounds in the middle of the rainforests.
- Vine Snake, Python naracoortensis, an large, venomous species of python living in the Arctic rainforests. Particularly large vine snakes may even consume large prey such as prosaurolophus, and baby sauroceratops.
- Stegopithecus, Stegopithecus gorilla, an arboreal species of gorilla native to tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. It resembles a Gigantopithecus from Pleistocene period. This large, social ape very close to the ancestor of today's gorillas and orangutans, because of the convergent evolution. They have to build nests, just like other gorillas. Its diet is fruits, bamboo, termites, and insects. Both males and females are known to be territorial and often hostile towards members a part of their family groups.
- Pelosuchus, Pelosuchus megacephalus, an large, alligator-like species of salamander native to tropical rainforest regions of Arctic. It resembles a Eryops from Permian Period, because of convergent evolution. They were shown acting like crocodiles; basking on the shorelines and leaping out of the water like modern alligators to catch a archaeoptornis, and spidereaters. A lone male fought an vine snake and won by knocking the vine snake off balance so it fell upside down and fell down the cliff.
Northern Californian Plateau
Due to severe drought and the heat of the tropics, the rich fertile fields have become a salt flats twice the size of the Bonneville Salt Flats. In such a dry climate and with no prime water source the Californian lake has dried out only leaving a few freshy, clean rivers, filled with drinkable water. The islands have become hardened karst lands with only a few tall grasses, shrubs, and acacia trees growing in the cracks and crevices. The coastal grasslands near the other side of the karst lands. The hills have become a salty termite mounds. Bushfires are common, ignited by lightning, because of the large storm clouds. Rain falls are putting out the bushfires.
- Racer Lizard, Helosaurus kansensis, an small lizard, about 18 inches long that evolved from Baja California collared lizard. It imitates the zebra-tailed lizard. It can travel at speeds of up to 50 kilometres per hour. It inhabits the salt flats of the dry bed of the Californian lake. It runs on two legs, minimizing its contact with the hot salt, then it walks on four legs, minimizing its contact with the hardened ground. Its tail is elongated to balance such an agile gait. It feeds on termites from the salty mounds. It is related to its closely ancestors of the dinosaurs from Mesozoic Era, because of the convergent evolution.
- Pecari, Pecari adepsicautus, an Californian descendent of the peccary that lives on the rocky karst of the Northern Californian Plateau and weighs between about 20 to 40 kilograms (44 to 88 lb). It was grazing peccary that grazes on tall grasses, and shrubs and it feeds on termites from the salty mounds. They are very lightweight fragile animals, the possess long flexible legs and low delicate hooves.
- Anthracorhinus, Rhinoceros californianus, an North American species of rhinoceros that lives on the grasslands near the rocky karst of the Northern Californian Plateau. It was a hornless rhinoceros that is smaller than White rhinoceros. It resembles a hornless Black rhinoceros with stubby legs. The mother anthracorhinus have to protect their calves from the predators.
- Mandrillus, Papiopithecus sphinx, an North American species of primate that lives on the grasslands near the rocky karst of the Northern Californian Plateau. It resembles a cross between a mandrill and a chimpanzee. It is very close to the ancestors of today's monkeys and apes. It feeds on fruits, nuts, termites, and insects.
- Cerdosuchus, Cerdosuchus crocodylus, an Californian species of crocodile that lives on the grasslands near the rocky karst of the Northern Californian Plateau. It is very close to the ancestor of today's crocodiles and alligators. It resembles a notosuchian crocodylomorph with dagger-like saber teeth, similar to those found in sabre-toothed cats in the Cenozoic. It hunts racer lizards, baby pecaris, and anthracorhinus calves.
- Hyaenodon, Hyaenodon californianus, an surviving creodont species. Unlike Hyaenodon from Cenozoic Era, this new Hyaenodon was the size of the big dog, and has the agility of tiger, because of the convergent evolution. It resembles a cross between a tiger and a Doberman Pinscher. It hunts baby pecari, and anthracorhinus calves. It has a same coloration of the leopard. It is shown killing a baby pecari, but the kill is stolen by a 5 members of the cerdosuchus.
- Condokiller, Gymnotornis diatrymanos, an large flightless descendent of a California condor that lives on the grasslands near the rocky karst of the Northern Californian Plateau. It resembles a Diatryma from Cenozoic Era, because of the convergent evolution. It hunts baby pecaris, and mandrillus. It is shown killing a baby pecari, but the kill is stolen by a 5 members of the cerdosuchus.
Rise in sea levels has triggered massive floodings of land to occur. The islands of Philippines has transformed into a large wetland seven times the size of the everglades. The swamp consists of estuaries and tree groves. Palm trees and cattails growing in the wet soil. Most of the swamp's inhabitants are giant flightless birds that evolved from hornbill birds. A few bugs and spiders have drifted over from other continents. The most amphibians and fish have drifted over from other continents. Amphibians like reptiliomorphs that came from Paleozoic Era.
- Thickbill, Tockornis robustus, a giant flightless descendent of the hornbill bird with a long neck, thick beak, and small wings. It resembles a Giant Moa from Cenozoic Era. It was a large, herbivorous bird that lives on the swamps of Philippines. Males have brown-colored legs while females have grey-colored legs. Instead of having separate nests (and risk the loss of eggs) all the females lay their eggs in a single nest which is incubated by the alpha male which only leaves it to get food.
- Swamp Centipede, Scolopendra ranapes, an giant, aquatic, venomous, parasitic species of centipede that lives on the brackish swamps of Philippines. They evolved a bite like those of the venomous spiders. They have a deadly venomous bite that releases a poisonous bacteria which can even kill a thickbill chick.
- Swimming Spider, Ryuthela aquatica, an swimming species of the tarantula that lives on the swamps of Philippines. They have a deadly venomous bite that can even kill a thickbill. It seens being predated on by the Swampshark.
- Hynerposaurus, Hynerposaurus megacephalus, an giant amphibian that lives on the swamps of Philippines. Having the appearance of a 3 meter long amphibious crocodile, it was clearly amphibious, it evolved a bite like those of the crocodiles and alligators, because of the convergent evolution. It has been speculated that amphibians hunted like crocodiles, lurking in the shallows to snatch unsuspecting prey. Chemical analysis of its teeth shows that it was able to move between salt and fresh water, which had also allowed for the evolution of giant amphibians during the Paleozoic Era.
- Swampshark, Carcharhinus swampos, an swamp-dwelling, blue-skinned species of shark that evolves from bull shark and lives in the coastal riverbanks in a brackish swamps of Philippines. It feeds on fish, swimming spiders, and small groups of thickbills. It had a powerful jaws with hardly teeth, and the force of 40,000 pounds per square inch, which had also allowed for the evolution of sharks during the Mesozoic Era, then Cenozoic Era.
- Lurksalamander, Andrias electricus, an giant reptiliomorph salamander that lives on the swamps of Philippines. It was Philippine descendent of the giant salamander. It swims and hunts like a crocodile, lurking in the shallows to snatch unsuspecting prey. It has evolved a sophisticated way of killing venomous parasitic swamp centipedes: electricity. The lurksalamander has a massive head, broad jaws, and an elongated body. All those can advance its surface area to store muscle blocks that produce electricity. To hunt, it creates a weak electric field and detects whatever movement goes through the field. Once its victim comes within range, it releases a million volts to stun its prey. Then the lurksalamander can eat in leisure. This behavior is similar to many electric fish in coastal, brackish water - such as the electric eel. It occupies a similar niche to crocodiles. If the lurksalamander is stranded on shore it can easily slide back into the water. It can breath fresh air, when it can live on land.
- Ambulorops, Ambulorops crocodyus, an crocodile-like reptiliomorph that lives on the brackish swamps of Philippines. It had an enormous mouth with many sharp teeth in strong jaws. It resembles a cross between a saltwater crocodile, and a giant salamander. It hunts a fish, thickbill chicks, swimming spiders, and especially swamp centipedes, much like a crocodiles and alligators, because of the convergent evolution.
Due to climate change and the shift of continents, the landmasses that were once New Mexico, California, and Louisiana have collided to become a new continent. Cactus have evolved into large trees that cover this new continent. Now, vast forests cover the entire landmass, with only plateus and mountains not covered.
- The Sinobillosaurus, Eburectus Ibuleazis, is the top predator of Future New Mexico.Descended from the Red kite, this elusive predator eats Antepigs, Mousechimps, and Skyporpises.
- Antepig, Albugii Gericis, is the descendant of the Peccary that is the main prey item of Sinobillosaurus. Males posess a pair of thick, sharp tusks that they use to fight for mating rights. They have two main predators: The Sinobillosaurus and the Seabear.
- Seabear, or Loninocetops Goprii, is the largest predator of its' time, 33 ft. long, and weighing in at 6,007 pounds( 3.07 tons). Their anscestors were the black bear. Males support uneven tusks with one long, straight tusk and a short, curved one.
- Betariofelis is the only cat found in Panreigea. Its' anscestor was Dinofelis, only it isn't as ferocious due to being under the rule of Sinobillosaurus. It is primarly a scavenger, although it hunts small birds and mammals. This is the last sabre-toothed cat and one of the last types of cats on earth. It is perfect for climbing trees. Its' arms are stong and full of blood, even more than the rest of its' body. Unlike any mammal that ever lived, Betariofelis's bones are hollow, more like birds. Being hollow-boned makes it lighter, so its' weight won't break the branches.
- Abroticaris, or " Shout Mouth" is a species of Hadrosaur that is a descendent of Anatotitan. They live in large groups consisted of 60 animals, and are the main prey item of Sinobillosaurus. They survived the mass extinction by sheltering in caves, feeding on the moss and cave cactus that evolved into the massive trees. During their time, they have no real relatives, besides the dinosaurs. They're part of their own group of hadrosaurs called " Copridontosaurids". This group of large hadrosaurs is primarly adapted to forests and wetlands. Abroticaris is the largest, growing 10 ft. tall and 25 ft. long.
- The Carcara Macaw, or " Haast's Macaw", is the largest ( and only predatory ) parrot ever. Males average a wingspan of 15 ft. across, and females 11 ft. across.
Many critics say 'After Man: A Prehistoric Life of the Future' is 'Whimisically relying on convergent evolution to describe it's fantastic, impossible, and prehistoric creatures. Similar accusations have been made about Dougal dixon's other works.