the deermara

This species is graceful, easily combined herbivore, the descendant of a modern South-American rodent the mara (Dolichotis patagonica). In comparison with an ancestor it has strongly increased in size (height at a shoulder is up to 1 meter, length of a body - up to 1.3 m, weight - up to 35 kg). It does not dig holes, occupies an ecological niche of running herbivores - antelopes and deer, lives on plains, and sometimes comes into light forests. the Animals keeps by herds on 30 - 50 individuals, at a fodder shortage herds break to small groups on 5 - 6 animals. Deermara eats grass and leaves of bushes, at fodder shortage can eat ends of branches and bark of bushes and young trees. It drinks seldom, usually is content with a moisture received from plants. Due to unpretentiousness and endurance the present species was widely settled in South America and had passed over Antilles to the southern part of Northern America, having formed on territories of semi-deserts and grassy plains the separate close species distinguished by more graceful and fragile constitution. Legs are long, on foot the middle toe, on hand - III and IV fingers are especially advanced. On these fingers claws have turned to small hoofs. Lateral fingers concern the ground only a tip. Hind legs are longer than forepaws, croup of an animal is raised above shoulders. The animal is timidly and cautiously, runs quickly, accelerating momentum up to 60 kms per hour on a short distance. During run some animals in herd make single jumps on height up to 2 meters, looking over district. The neck is rather long, animal resembles by proportions small deer, for example musk deer (Moschus). The head is similar to rabbit’s one, eyes are large and ears are long. Near the mouth there are long whiskers. Tail is not present. Colouring of body is ginger-brown; back is darker and stomach is white. At males around of eyes there are white rings; head is colored darker, than at females. Cubs are similar to the female in colouring. Per one year female usually gives birth to twin cubs. They are well advanced, in some hours after birth are able to follow mother. At the age of 5 months cubs are completely independent, but keep in herd with parents. close relatives include the Desert deermara and the mazamara

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