Picture by Tim Morris

The animal is descendant of the modern hyrax. In case of mass extinction of large forms of herbivores the daman has opportunity to survive: the present animal is adapted to an inhabiting in the extremal conditions of poor mountain vegetation at lack of a water. Incisors, which grow all life similarly to incisors of rodents, make possible feeding of rigid savanna vegetation.

Initial image by Pavel Volkov

The descendant of the hyrax is remarkable by the large size and stumpy constitution. The body is covered with a short brown wool, on a waist there is an area of a long white wool. Hoofs on legs have grown up, the leg became similar on elephant’s one. Weight of females is up to 800 kg, newborn cubs - up to 50 kg, mature males - up to 1 ton. Pregnancy lasts 10 months, two cubs, less often 1 or 3 (as a rule, one of a triplet does not survive) are born. It lives by family groups and small herds (up to 40 ones), including on some families under the leading of dominant males. Males have the flat horn pillow on a head used on breeding tournaments. In case of an attack the animal applies active defensive actions, pushing aside a predator from cubs. On a waist of males it is very much advanced specific skin gland, characteristic for the damans, hair environmental of it is long and white. At detection of a predator the animal stands the hair environmental to gland, on end. White color and pungent smell of secretions serve to neighbours as a signal to defense, and for predators it is the warning. Defending animals put to a predator stings and impacts by a forehead. A voice is an indistinct growling, shout of aggression or defense is a loud howl.

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