Picture by Tim Morris

Collared peccary, pig like non-ruminant mammal of the New World, was among the largest mammals of the New World, the survivors at the end of the human era. Widespread habitat survived numerous populations of animal and range gap in human epoch contributed to the accumulation of differences, have become material for future natural selection. One of the descendants of the collared peccary became a giant herbivorous View - peccasons. And next to him roam the plains a different look, different from the plains like a giant size and diet.

Another branch of the peccary evolution Makkapite is quite awesome representative of the family. In North America, the territory he repeated evolutionary experiment that nature put in Eurasia and North America in the Tertiary period, and in Eurasia in Neocene. This representative peccary became analogue of minerals and entelodonov Neocenic deynaperov: his diet is much more meat than is typical even for the omnivorous pig. This animal - scavenger and hunter of small animals. Body length Makkapite - about one and a half meters and a height at the withers up to 1 meter.


Original drawing by Alexey Tatarinov

Outside makkapite preserves features inherited from our ancestors. This animal has a strong addition, rigid backbone and a relatively large head. Unlike typical peccary head Makkapite elongated, narrow and more light. The jaws of the beast can be opened to an angle of 100 degrees. Molars animal pointed, cutting type, with very little chewing surface. The incisors are narrow and pointed, adapted for tearing meat. A characteristic feature of the beast are kinzhaloobraznye long fangs (hence the name: "Makkapite" in the language of the Algonquin Indians means "he has big teeth"). With their help the animal kills small animals like rodents and snakes, as well as the inhabitants of the plains of large cubs. Long nasal passages allow the animal to distinguish the subtle scents and find small animals lurking in the grass, and the remnants of the local predators prey. The muzzle of the animal ends with a small cartilage snout.

Although Makkapite lives in dry plains, his head a little bit like the head of a hippopotamus - the eyes are shifted up and raised above the skull bone on small elevations. This animal has a good overview. Also beast large mobile ears like a donkey. Their task - not only hearing but also heat.
Legs makkapite relatively long - thanks to them that the animal can travel long distances, following the herds of herbivores and searching for carrion. Feral bit like a Pleistocene fossil bakers Platygonus. In Makkapite relatively long thin tail with a thick brush of black hair. It is used for communication: picking up the tail, animals inform each other about their whereabouts.
This beast is covered with sparse coarse hair, and for the winter stores of subcutaneous fat layer and grows a thick undercoat. coat color is brown with reddish flanks, head darker. The males in the neck and shoulders grows short standing mane of stiff hair. Cubs differ from adults lighter brownish-gray color with thin vertical stripes on the sides, can mask the grass.
Makkapite is found on the plains of North America herds numbering up to a dozen animals. At the head of the herd is a large male with enormous tusks, which establishes a strict hierarchy. Other individuals - females and cubs and young people who have not reached puberty. Often found on the plains solitary animals - old or too young individuals. Family groups and single individuals makkapite follow herds of grazing animals, but prefer not to attack them. Usually they wait until some predator will attack the flock, and then taken his prey, using the numerical superiority. Singles, particularly young males, are often characterized by aggressiveness and even prevent predators to chase prey. But they can prey, attacking wounded or weakened animals and inflicting wounds fangs.
The female gives birth to one cub once a year. Youngsters born well-developed, to follow her parents an hour after birth. The birth of the cubs in makkapite occurs in the spring, when the produce offspring other inhabitants of the plains, and the mother is easier to find food of animal origin. Up to two years of age, young animals remain in the parental home, but below the dominant male chases them. Females are nailed to the new family and the age of three are bearing offspring. A males have a real opportunity to raise their own family only to four - five years when they reach full physical maturity.

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