Their natural climbing skills allow the different species to clamber into the highest branches to obtain their prizes, while their mimetic camouflage protects them from arboreal predators. A half dozen species have developed on the island, most of them being exclusively fruit-eaters. Two chameleons are omnivorous and supplement their fruit with insects when they can be found while a third species dines entirely on sap and nectar.
- Trident Chameleon, Chamaeleo cuspis (7-9 inches long)
- Chamelephant, Furcifer barrus (25-33 inches long)
- Honey-Tongue, Chamaeleo mellilingus (12-18 inches long)
- Fat Chameleon, Furcifer adipatus (30-36 inches long)