The ubiquitous termite is a tropical forest floor-dwelling termite from Africa.
Compared with the canopy layer the floor of a tropical rainforest is a dark, humid place. Little light penetrates through from the treetops, and although there are many shrubs and herbs they nowhere present a thick, impenetrable barrier. Despite a steady fall of dead leaves from above, the soil cover is very shallow. The vegetable material on the ground is under constant attack from microorganisms and, in Africa, from the ubiquitous termites that perform a broadly similar function to that of the earthworms in temperate latitudes by keeping the debris circulating.
These termites are the principal food source of the turmi.